DRAWN BY GEORGE B. MC CLELLAN THE BATTLE OF CERRO GORDO, 1847

 

$450

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AUTHOR:

MC CLELLAN, CAPT. [GEORGE B.]

TITLE:

Battle of Cerro Gordo April 17th & 18th 1847

CONDITION:

Lithograph with some period color, 12-1/4” x 18-1/2”. Ex-library. Some old folds, lined with old linen, overall very nice condition.

DATE:

[no place, no date]

DESCRIPTION:

This is the definitive plan for the Battle of Cerro Gordo, based on surveys by “Major Turnbull & Captn. Mc Clellan,” and drawn by Mc Clellan, the future commander of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War.

After the capture of Vera Cruz, General Winfield Scott began his march inland towards Mexico City. He found the road blocked by Gen. Santa Anna at Cerro Gordo, a fortified defile near Xalapa. Capt. Robert E. Lee discovered a mountain trail around Santa Anna’s position, and Scott quickly moved his army along the trail, out-flanking the Mexicans. The result was a great victory of the United States that largely cleared the way to Mexico City for the American Army. The success of Scott’s flanking movement at Cerro Gordo, greatly influenced Mc Clellan’s own tactics during the Civil War.

Mc Clellan’s plan includes a detailed rendering of the site’s complex topography, the main (Xalapa) road, the Mexican position on the heights above the road, Lee’s mountain trail, and the American positions that out flanked the Mexicans. According to a notation on the map, the Mexican force numbered 17,000 men, while the American troops numbered only 8,325.




REFERENCES:

Inventory No. 8261

Cohen & Taliaferro

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