AN EARLY EIGHTEENTH CENTURY MANUSCRIPT MAP RELATING TO TEXAS AND THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST

 

$1,900

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AUTHOR:

ANONYMOUS

TITLE:

Mexique òu Nle. Espagne. [Paris? c.1720?]

CONDITION:

Manuscript, ink on paper, 9-3/4 x 6-1/4”. Very good condition. Accompanied by one leaf of text, entitled Nouveau Mexique.

DATE:

c1720

DESCRIPTION:

An interesting manuscript map of Mexico, Florida, and the United States Gulf Coast. The map and accompanying text were extracted from a manuscript work on geography, prepared in France in the early part of the eighteenth century.

The mouth of the Mississippi, with its delta, is correctly positioned, based on the explorations of Iberville, and the “B. d. S. Louis” (Matagorda Bay), the site of La Salle’s fort, located on the Texas coast. The “Rio Bravo” (Rio Grande) is shown with a form similar to that on Guillaume Delisle’s
Carte du Mexique et de la Floride, 1703.

Curiously for a French map of the period, Texas is shown under the name of Spanish “Floride” rather than French Louisiana, which does not appear.

The leaf of text (numbered 330-331) includes comments about the American West. California is described as [translated] “one of the largest islands in the world,” the Straights of Anian as a “famous straight”. There is a lengthy section on the “Equimix” (Eskimos) and their habits, and mention of Cibola and Quivera.


REFERENCES:

Inventory No. 8441

Cohen & Taliaferro

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