FIRST STATE OF THE RARE DONCKER CHART OF NEW ENGLAND
Pas Caert van Nieu Nederland, Virginia en Nieu Engelant... t’Amsterdam By Hendrick Doncker...
17-1/2” x 21-1/2”. First State. Original outline color. Excellent condition.
The rare first state of one of the finest and earliest Dutch charts of New Netherlands, preceded only by the Jacobsz (c.1650) and Colom (1656). Koeman writes that Doncker’s charts, “were the most up-to-date in the second half of the 17th century,” and goes on to note that “more frequent than Goos, Lootsman, Van Loon, and other contemporaries, Hendrik Doncker corrected and improved his charts. He often replaced obsolete charts by new ones... This consciousness of the high demand of correctness is reflected by the development of Doncker’s sea atlas” -- Koeman.
In his chart of New Netherlands, Doncker gives an excellent rendering of the coast from below the Chesapeake Bay north to above Cape Cod. The Hudson River is shown as far north as Albany, which is marked here as Fort Orange. Manhattan, Nieuw Amsterdam, and Staten Eylant are all named. Jamestown is shown in Virginia. Burden notes that, although much of the chart follows Colom, the use of Chesipioock at the northern end of the outer banks south of Cape Henry points to the De Bry/White map of 1590.
This rare first state can be identified by the printed date 1660 in the title. As with most of Doncker’s charts, the copperplate was re-worked over its publication history and Burden notes two later states of c.1669 and c.1676.
The chart was published in Doncker’s Zee-Atlas ofte Water-Waereld. According to Koeman, “Doncker was the first cartographer to bring out a sea atlas after Arnold Colom’s venture of that kind between 1654 and 1658.” The Zee-Atlas first appeared in 1659, but no surviving example of the 1659 edition is known. This particular chart was not available until the 1660 edition.
Burden, The Mapping of North America, #348, state 1; Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici, Volume IV, Don2, #18; Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan Island, Volume II, p. 155; Morrison, On the Map, #16.
Inventory No. 6807