A LANDMARK MAP OF NEW JERSEY

 

$19,000

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AUTHOR:

FADEN, WILLIAM

TITLE:

The Province of New Jersey, Divided into East and West, commonly called The Jerseys

CONDITION:

31-1/2” x 23”. First edition. Two sheets joined. Uncolored copperplate engraving.

DATE:

1777

DESCRIPTION:

One of the great landmark maps of New Jersey, this is the finest depiction of the province from the Revolutionary War period. No previous map had shown New Jersey in such detail and on such a large scale.

The Province of New Jersey was the first printed map to show the present New York/New Jersey boundary, ending a century-long dispute over the location of the ‘partition line’ between the two provinces. Faden shows the contested boundary as determined by a definitive 1769 survey of the region by Bernard Ratzer. One of the most experienced British military engineers working in the American colonies, Ratzer is most famous for his 1770 Plan of the City of New York in North America, widely regarded as the finest map of an American city produced in the 18th century. By using Ratzer’s survey to delineate the border between the two colonies, Faden created a map of lasting political significance. The map also locates the old boundary lines between East and West Jersey in 1687 and 1742.

To correct locations for many points in northern New Jersey, Faden relied on another important English survey, one done by Gerard Bancker. A draft of Bancker’s survey had been given to Lord Dunmore, then Governor of Virginia, who had stopped in New York in July of 1776 en route to London.

REFERENCES:

Snyder, Mapping of New Jersey, pp. 57-59; Pritchard & Taliaferro, Degrees of Latitude, #47; Guthorn, British Maps of the American Revolution, p. 39; Schwartz & Ehrenberg, Mapping of America, p. 193.

Inventory No. 7827

Cohen & Taliaferro

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