CIVIL WAR PLAN OF COLUMBUS, KENTUCKY

 

$675

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AUTHOR:

CULLUM, BRIG. GEN. GEORGE W.

TITLE:

Map of the Rebel Fortifications at Columbus, Ky. Surveyed under the Direction of Brig. Genl. Geo. W. Cullum Chief of Staff Engineers Dept. of the Mississippi.

CONDITION:

17 5/8” x 18 3/8”. Uncolored plan, laid down on early linen.

DATE:

1867

DESCRIPTION:

In Sept. 1861 the Confederates built a massive fort on a high bluff above the Mississippi River at Columbus, Kentucky. Equipped with 143 guns, it was the northernmost Confederate base along the river protecting Memphis, Vicksburg, and other key southern points. A massive chain was stretched across the river to Belmont, Missouri, to prevent the passage of Union gunboats. Belmont was unsuccessfully attacked by U. S. Grant in his first combat command two months later. Columbus was evacuated in early 1862 after the fall of Forts Donaldson and Henry. This detailed plan was constructed by Union engineers shortly after they occupied Columbus. It shows every existing street and building in the town, and all of the abandoned Confederate fortifications, including the nearby fort, all the supporting batteries and magazines, the Mobile & Ohio Railroad line, roads, and the “Capstan used to stretch the chain across the river”. There are cross sections of six different Confederate entrenchments, and a key that identifies five important sites. The Library of Congress owns the original 1862 manuscript upon which this lithograph was based. According to a notation on the manuscript, it was sent to the “Engr. Dept. July/18/64,” probably for publication. The LC also has a state of the printed map with the words “Lith of J. Bien, N.Y.”; but lacks this state, without Bien’s name.

REFERENCES:

See Stevenson, Civil War Maps, 216.95 & 217.

Inventory No. 7744

Cohen & Taliaferro

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