PRODUCED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF MATTHEW FONTAINE MAURY, “THE PATHFINDER OF THE SEAS”

 

$1,500

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AUTHOR:

WADDELL, J.H.

TITLE:

Map of Virginia and West Virginia Constructed on the Rectangular Tangential Projection, by J. H. Waddell, Asst. Professor of Drawing, prepared under the instructions of M. F. Maury … Prof of Physics, Va. Mili’ty Institute

CONDITION:

Lithograph with original full hand color. 22-1/4” x 35”. Dissected and cloth backed. A bit of light damp staining, other minor signs of aging, else very nice.

DATE:

n.p. 1871

DESCRIPTION:

A scarce, separately-issued map, one of an important series of maps of Virginia produced at the Virginia Military Institute under the direction of Matthew Fontaine Maury, the “Pathfinder of the Seas.”

Maury is regarded as the father of modern oceanography. In 1842 he had been appointed superintendant of the Depot of Charts and Instruments at the Navy Department in Washington. He published a number of groundbreaking works on oceanography and meteorology as well as charts and sailing directions. In 1861 he resigned his position and was commissioned as commander in the Confederate Navy. Because of his international fame, he was sent to London to act as a spokesman for the Confederate government and the Southern cause.

In 1868 he returned to the United States and accepted the position as Professor of Physics at the Virginia Military Institute, in charge of an ambitious program to prepare a “physical survey of Virginia.” The first of the resulting maps appeared in December 1868, as a folding insert in VMI’s report on the
Physical Survey of Virginia. It was largely based on the 1858 Bucholtz-Ludwig map of Virginia, but with enough alterations and corrections for Maury to describe it as “a map of the State less erroneous than any hitherto published.”

This map replaced the 1868 map in the second edition of the report, published in 1871. But some copies of the map were sold in this scarce separately-issued format.

REFERENCES:

Peter C. Thomas, “Matthew Fontaine Maury and the Problem of Virginia’s Identity, 1865-1873,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography , Vol. 90, no. 2 (April 1982), pp. 213ff; William C. Wooldridge, “The Bucholtz-Ludwig Map of Virginia and Its Successors, 1858-1868,” The Portolan, No. 68 (Spring 2007), pp. 26ff.

Inventory No. 8195

Cohen & Taliaferro

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