THE FIRST STATE OF A CLASSIC DUTCH WORLD MAP

 

$18,000

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AUTHOR:

HONDIUS, HENRICUS

TITLE:

Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica Ac Hydrographica Tabula...

CONDITION:

14-3/4” x 21-1/4”. Original hand color. An excellent example.

DATE:

Amsterdam, 1630

DESCRIPTION:

As much as any map, this one of the world by Henricus Hondius is identified with the “Golden Age of Dutch Cartography.” Its lush ornamentation epitomizes the baroque style favored at the time. More significant, however, is the map’s reflection of a period of intense national pride supported by Holland’s burgeoning commercial fortunes. This is most clearly seen in the portraits in the corners of the maps which include, in addition to the classical figures of Caesar and Ptolemy, the Dutch cartographic masters Gerard Mercator and Jodocus Hondius.

A partnership between Hondius and Jan Jansson was formed to compete with with the emerging House of Blaeu. The result was one of the most long-lived world maps of the age, appearing in atlases from 1630 to 1666.

Geographically, the map has some unusual features. In the early 17th century, English mapmakers were dependent on the Dutch for their geography, but in a strange case of reverse influence, Hondius adapts Speed’s delineation of California as an island. There is a very early representation of the Great Lakes, as nascent bodies of water appear in the region, and northeast Canada has been redrawn with
Queen Anne’s forland or Baffin Island, which is shown encircled by open water. Schilder notes that it is one of the earliest maps to deviate from Mercator’s picture of the world.

REFERENCES:

Shirley, The Mapping of The World, #336, plate 256; Schilder, Australia Unveiled, #39.

Inventory No. 8553

Cohen & Taliaferro

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